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Dr Emilie Rutledge

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Professional biography

Emilie completed a BA in Economics and Arabic at SOAS, University of London, an MSc in Economics at Birkbeck, University of London and a PhD from Durham University (fully funded by ESRC). She graduated in 2007, with a thesis entitled A gulf cooperation council currency union: appropriateness and implications.

Emilie has worked as an economist in both the public and private sectors in the UK and abroad. She has experience in banking and finance, policy making, consultancy and more than a decade teaching in Higher Education. She has carried out economic research in numerous Middle East countries including Bahrain, Syria and the United Arab Emirates. As an Associate Professor of Economics at the United Arab Emirates University she taught and designed undergraduate and postgraduate economic and research courses and supervised Doctoral students through to graduation. She has authored academic articles, book chapters and newspaper articles on the political-economy challenges facing the Gulf Cooperation Council states as they transition to post-oil economies.

Emilie joined the Open University in 2020 as an Associate Lecturer tutoring DD309, DD226 and DB125 and became a Staff Tutor in 2021. 

Research interests

Emilie's research interests focus on the applied macroeconomics of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states and energy economics. Emilie’s current research interests include the role of state capitalism in GCC economic diversification – the strategic goal of transitioning from an oil dependent to a knowledge based economy – and ways in which private sector labour force nationalisation can be implemented in a sustainable (i.e. productive and internationally competitive) manner.

Teaching interests

Emiile has taught a number of economic and research courses and particularly enjoys motivating students to learn about the importance and utility of real-world economics to everyday life.

At the OU:

  • DD309 Doing economics: people, markets and policy
  • DD226 Economics in practice
  • DB125 You and your money
  • DD126 Economics in Context


  • Principles of Macroeconomics
  • Principles of Microeconomics
  • Money and Banking
  • International Economics and Globalisation
  • Research Methods in Economics
  • UAE in the Global Business Environment (MBA)
  • Literature Review and Critique (DBA)
  • Qualitative Research Methods (DBA)


The tour guide role in the United Arab Emirates: Emiratisation, satisfaction and retention (2023-10)
Rutledge, Emilie J
Tourism and Hospitality Research, 23(4) (pp. 610-623)

The rise of GCC-East Asian trade: A cointegration approach to analysing trade relationships (2023-07)
Rutledge, Emilie and Polyzos, Efstathios
The World Economy, 46(7) (pp. 2231-2246)

‘Private sector’ Emiratisation: social stigma’s impact on continuance intentions (2023)
Rutledge, Emilie J. and Al Kaabi, Khaled
Human Resource Development International, 26(5) (pp. 603-626)

Oil rent, the Rentier State/Resource Curse Narrative and the GCC Countries (2017-06)
Rutledge, Emilie J.
OPEC Energy Review, 41(2) (pp. 132-152)

Parental influence on female vocational intentions in the Arabian Gulf (2016-07)
Rutledge, Emilie J. and Madi, Mohammed
International Journal of Manpower, 38(2)

Securing a Dynamic and Open Economy: The UAE's Quest for Stability (2015)
Lekhraibani, Rashed; Rutledge, Emilie and Forstenlechner, Ingo
Middle East Policy, 22(2) (pp. 108-124)

The UAE, the “Arab Spring” and Different Types of Dissent (2012-12)
Forstenlechner, Ingo; Rutledge, Emilie and Alnuaimi, Rashed Salem
Middle East Policy, 19(4) (pp. 54-67)

Emiratisation: determining the factors that influence the recruitment decisions of employers in the UAE (2012)
Forstenlechner, Ingo; Madi, Mohamed T.; Selim, Hassan M. and Rutledge, Emilie J.
The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(2) (pp. 406-421)

The GCC's “Demographic Imbalance”: Perceptions, Realities and Policy Options (2011)
Forstenlechner, Ingo and Rutledge, Emilie Jane
Middle East Policy, 18(4) (pp. 25-43)

Women, labour market nationalization policies and human resource development in the Arab Gulf states (2011)
Rutledge, Emilie; Shamsi, Fatima Al; Bassioni, Yahia and Sheikh, Hend Al
Human Resource Development International, 14(2) (pp. 183-198)

Is EMU a viable model for monetary integration in the Arabian Gulf? (2008)
Rutledge, Emilie
Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 11(2) (pp. 123-134)

Oil and gas markets in the UK: Evidence from a cointegrating approach (2007-03)
Panagiotidis, Theodore and Rutledge, Emilie
Energy Economics, 29(2) (pp. 329-347)

Monetary Union in the Gulf: Prospects for a Single Currency in the Arabian Peninsula (2008-07)
Rutledge, Emilie
ISBN : 9780429239533 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : London

Labor Markets in the Gulf and the South Asian Migration (2018)
Rutledge, Emilie
In: Chowdhury, M. and Irudaya, Rajan S. eds. South Asian Migration in the Gulf (pp. 101-122)
ISBN : 978-3-319-71820-0 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan

The Impact of Labor Nationalization Policies on Female Participation Rates in the Arab Gulf (2016-02)
Rutledge, Emilie and Al Shamsi, Fatima
In: Chamlou, Nadereh and Karshenas, Massoud eds. Women, Work and Welfare in the Middle East and North Africa: The Role of Socio-demographics, Entrepreneurship and Public Policies (pp. 525-551)
Publisher : Imperial College Press | Published : London, UK

GCC Economic Performance in 2005 and Prospects for 2006 (2005-05)
Rutledge, Emilie
In: Sagar, Abdulaziz; Koch, Christian and Ibrahim, Hasanain Tawfiq eds. Gulf Yearbook 2005-2006. Gulf Yearbook (pp. 109-128)
ISBN : 9948-432-23-1 | Publisher : Gulf Research Center | Published : Dubai

Obstacles to Economic Reform in the GCC (2005-05)
Rutledge, Emilie
In: Sager, Abdulaziz; Koch, Christian and Ibrahim, Hasanain Tawfiq eds. Gulf Yearbook 2004. Gulf Yearbook
ISBN : 9948400933 / 948-400-94-1 | Publisher : Gulf Research Center | Published : Dubai

GCC Currency Union: Necessary Precursors and Prospects (2014-07)
Rutledge, Emilie
Gulf Research Center, Cambridge.

Education, Not Quotas (2006)
Rutledge, Emilie
Oxford Business Group, Oxford.